State of Charge

                                Charging News

We independently review every item we recommend. If you buy through our links, we may earn a small commission that helps us continue to make quality content for you. Thanks for your support!

Charging EVs in Cold Weather: Electrify America’s Top 5 Tips

The fast-charging rate might be limited if an EV battery has a low temperature.

Published February 06, 2024

Electrify America, one of the largest electric vehicle fast-charging networks in the US, released a set of five top tips related to charging EVs in cold weather, which might be especially important for new EV drivers.

The main issue with fast charging in cold weather is that it may take longer because the lower temperatures affect the vehicle’s battery charging capacity. A cold lithium-ion battery is often unable to charge at its full power. During driving and charging, the battery’s temperature gradually increases, closer to an optimum range, but this process is slow.

One solution is preventing the car from being exposed to extremely cold weather, usually by storing the vehicle in a garage or by using a battery pre-conditioning feature (which allows for manual or automatic battery heating to an optimum range ahead of a charging session).

Park indoors when you can: Consider parking indoors in extreme cold weather. Warmer indoor temperatures can help prevent slower charging speeds and preserve the charge for longer.

Utilize your EV’s cold weather features: Some EVs have a pre-conditioning feature that allows drivers to program or manually warm the battery to more optimal temperatures.

However, battery temperatures and related charging issues are not the only energy-draining culprits. Drivers should also be aware of the vehicle’s cabin temperature and energy consumption associated with heating. This additional energy load of a few kilowatts (or sometimes less, if a vehicle is equipped with a heat pump) also reduces the driving range.

This means that even if the battery temperature is not an issue, EV drivers must remember that in cold weather, they still might have to charge more often and for longer simply because of increased energy consumption and a depleted battery. It’s good to take this into account and have a plan, Electrify America says:

Anticipate longer charging sessions: The vehicle controls the charging speeds, not the charger. When temperatures are low, the EV’s software reduces its charging power.

Temperature changes may impact EV range: Check for overnight drops in temperature, as low temperatures can reduce an EV’s driving range. Some EVs can predict range reductions during extreme temperatures and will adjust the console display.

Plan your charging session: Locate public charging stations ahead of time to avoid finding yourself with shortened range in relation to the nearest charging station.


An infographic by Electrify America titled "Charging Electric Vehicles in Cold Weather: Electrify America's Top 5 Tips"

An infographic by Electrify America titled “Charging Electric Vehicles in Cold Weather: Electrify America’s Top 5 Tips”

Read more about: Electrify America | Fast charging

By: Staff Writer

The anonymous author of our 'Charging News' articles has a long history of interest in the field and comprehensive knowledge of all sorts of EV-related technical data. He writes for other sites when he's not providing this one with content.

Latest News From State of Charge

EVChargingStation’s Comment Policy

We welcome polite, respectful comments, but rudeness and personal attacks will not be tolerated. All comments are reviewed prior to publication.  Thanks for joining in the conversation!


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Share This